RICERCA

BASI CHIMICHE GENERALI

Esiste una differenza tra ossidazione e riduzione.

 

OSSIDAZIONE

L’ossidazione è un processo o una reazione chimica in cui a un composto vengono aggiunti atomi o molecole di ossigeno e sottratti atomi di idrogeno.

  • Processi di ossidazione tipici in un salone sono quelli dovuti all’uso di colore, neutralizzante per permanente o polvere decolorante.
  • RIDUZIONE

    La riduzione è un processo o una reazione chimica in cui a un composto vengono aggiunti atomi di idrogeno e sottratti atomi o molecole di ossigeno.

  • Processi di riduzione tipici in un salone sono quelli dovuti all’uso di prodotti per permanente o per stiratura come Straight ‘n Shine.
  • NEUTRALIZZAZIONE

    La neutralizzazione è un processo chimico in cui un composto acido e uno basico reagiscono fino a neutralizzarsi a vicenda assumendo un valore di pH pari a 7.

     

    CARICA ELETTRICA DEGLI INGREDIENTI

    Atomi e molecole hanno fondamentalmente carica neutra in quanto hanno un’uguale quantità di elettroni e protoni. Gli ioni sono atomi o molecole caricati elettricamente. Quando un atomo cede o acquista elettroni rispetto alla condizione neutra si carica elettricamente.

    •  Gli ioni che hanno meno elettroni che protoni sono caricati positivamente e sono detti cationi.

    •  Gli ioni che hanno più elettroni che protoni sono caricati negativamente e sono detti anioni.

     

    Qui troverai maggiori informazioni sulle Basi Chimiche Generalichemical background.

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